The soils are of medium depth, with clayey texture. The subsoil is composed of limestone parent material.
The pH is slightly acidic (5.93 – 6.58), which are optimal values for coffee plants.
The soil is covered by a layer of organic matter with 13.81% of OM, produced by the coverage created by the shade. The leaves of trees and coffee trees that fall to the ground are in a constant state of decomposition, thus improving fertility, favouring cultivation and reducing the need to use chemical fertilizers.
From an edaphic point of view, the limestone parent rock, the PH and the organic matter on our farms work together to form a shaded, coffee-growing agrosystem, which makes the region’s coffee-growing ecosystem and organoleptic qualities of its coffee unique.